Login | Register

The Impact Of Stress Hormones Aggravated by Abusive Mothering

In a new Biological Psychiatry article, Dr. Regina Sullivan and colleagues have dissected the behavior of mother rats and their infant pups, modeling nurturing by stroking and abuse with electric shock. In this animal model of infant abuse, they took into consideration the unique infant neurobehavioral learning attachment system that ensures infant rats’ attachment to their caregiver regardless of the quality of care received.

Upon this background, the pups responded to a natural maternal odor or an artificial odor that was conditioned as a new maternal odor through pairings with either a positive stimulus (the stroking) or a negative stimulus (the shock). Exposure to both their mother’s natural scent and the conditioned maternal scent evoked normal social responses, including those related to attachment.

The authors also evaluated the impact of raising the pups’ levels of the stress hormone corticosterone, or being reared with an abusive mother. In these cases, pups with an abusive attachment showed disrupted social behavior with the mother and increased engagement of the amygdala, a region of the brain involved in regulating stress and emotion.

“Our work shows that, while the infant brain is wired to form attachments at all costs, abusive attachments have negative consequences in social behavior development,” explained Dr. Raineki. “Most importantly, some effects of early life abuse may be hidden until the abused animal is challenged and the negative effects are uncovered.”

Dr. John Krystal, Editor of Biological Psychiatry, also commented, “It is interesting that the amygdala is primarily activated when abusive behavior of the mother is combined with a reaction within the infant, i.e., an increase in levels of the stress hormone corticosterone. Thus, the authors of this study elegantly highlight the dyadic nature of the mother-infant relationship.”

Using this model of attachment may provide clues to understanding attachment in children with various conditions of care. The authors hope that this model will help us understand the neurobiological origins of psychopathology stemming from abuse, and possibly facilitate the development of treatments and/or interventions for victims of early-life trauma.


, ,

One Response to “The Impact Of Stress Hormones Aggravated by Abusive Mothering”

  • […] June 23, 2010: The Impact Of Stress Hormones Aggravated by Abusive Mothering June 18, 2010: New Complication Of Stem Cell Therapy for Kidney Disease June 14, 2010: Thousands Of Minnesota Nurses Strike For One Day June 12, 2010: Young Men More Vulnerable To Stress Of Relationship’s Ups And Downs June 6, 2010: Single-Dose Breast Cancer Radiation Therapy Is Effective June 6, 2010: Erik Erikson’s Stages of Psychological Development June 2, 2010: Scientist Becomes First Man Infected with Computer Virus June 1, 2010: The Science Of Self-Motivation June 1, 2010: Drinking Tea May Reduce Ovarian Cancer Risk […]

Leave a Reply to Article/Journal Index | Nursing-Resource.com Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *